Dehydrated Bone Broth From Organic Grass Fed Non-GMO Beef: The first ingredient in our holistic formula is beef stock or dehydrated beef bone broth from grass fed non-gmo beef. Dogs need 22 amino acids. Twelve of these amino acids can be synthesized in their bodies. The other ten MUST be provided by their diet. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein, but not all protein sources are created equally. For example, plant proteins do not supply the amino acid balances needed for dogs to thrive. As a result, a dog food simply being high in protein is not enough. Just because a dog food is high protein, does not mean it contains the essential amounts of amino acids. This is especially true considering most dog foods try to boost their protein content with potato or pea based proteins. On top of that, at the end of the extrusion process, the food is dried at temperatures as high as 392 degrees Fahrenheit. This high heat drying also lowers the already low concentrations of amino acids; specifically one of the ten essential amino acids lysine. Dogs cannot produce Lysine. It has to be provided by their diet. Yet the very way in which their food is prepared, destroys the amino acids they so desperately need for optimal health as carnivores. Even the protein itself is denatured and rendered non-functional, due to the high degree of thermal processing. Our dehydrated beef bone broth powder on the other hand, not only provides all ten of the essential amino acids their bodies cannot produce, in unadulterated non-processed form, but nine others as well. Our grass fed non-gmo beef stock also contains gelatin. As most dog foods contain less than 25% meat ingredients, gelatin is essential. Gelatin reduces their body’s need for protein meat sources, by as much as fifty percent. This will significantly bridge the meat content gap of most plant based dog foods. Due to labeling laws, if your dog food says salmon AND sweet potato or beef AND pea, then you know that your dog food contains less than 25% of that meat. If it contained more than 25%, they could simply call it salmon recipe or beef recipe. But they needed the sweet potato or the pea, combined with meat, to meet the 25% minimum compositional requirement for labeling. So it is best if you can afford it, to buy foods that do not contain AND in the title. If they do make sure both ingredients are meats, such as Beef AND Bison or Chicken AND Turkey. Bone broth also contains glycosaminoglycans. These are joint protecting compounds like glucosamine, chondroitin and hyaluronic acid and are ideal for old and young dogs alike. These compounds stimulate fibroblasts to lay down collagen in the joints, tendons, ligaments and even the arteries. Lastly, beef stock can help to protect the liver from toxic drugs like flea and tick medications, antibiotics, vaccines and de-wormers.