Glucosamine: Our eleventh ingredient is glucosamine. Glucosamine would normally be found in the raw diet, in the form of turkey giblets. Our formula is guaranteed to have at least 10,900 mg/kg. Glucosamine has many benefits, particularly for the aging dog as it helps to strengthen the body’s cartilage. This strengthening of the cartilage reduces inflammation and slows the deterioration process. It is a natural substance that reduces pain and swelling in affected joints. Dogs naturally produce their own glucosamine, but as their body ages they often lose their ability to produce it. As a result, their joints can stiffen up and lose their protective cartilage. Cartilage is important as it not only absorbs shock, but is naturally flexible. There is little else more important where mobility is concerned.