Pre and Probiotics: The tenth ingredient is pre and probiotics. This blend of specialized pre and probiotics helps to support digestion for optimal health. The prebiotic in our formula is inulin or dried chicory root. Prebiotics nourish the beneficial bacteria of probiotics. By supporting the good bacteria, prebiotics help to prevent disease, improve digestion and nutrient absorption (especially minerals), and enhance the immune system. The probiotic formula contains a total of five strains for FIVE BILLION CFU’S. They are in raw unprocessed form for maximum potency. The probiotics are clinical strength and veterinarian recommended to support a healthy digestive tract. There are three species of live, naturally occurring lactic acid bacteria, including Enterococcus faecium and three species of Lactobacillus bacteria; acidophilus, casei and plantarum as well as streptococcus thermophilus and bifidobacterium bifidum. Enterococcus faecium helps to improve nutrient absorption. Lactobacillus acidophilus also promotes nutrient absorption, helps maintain proper levels of normal flora or good bacteria and helps control the population of bad bacteria. Lactobacillus casei provides enzymes that are necessary for healthy digestion and Lactobacillus plantarum improves the biological assimilation of essential nutrients; including vitamins and minerals.