Turkey Gizzards: Our eleventh ingredient is glucosamine. Glucosamine would normally be found in the raw diet, in the form of turkey giblets. Our formula is guaranteed to have at least 10,900 mg/kg. Glucosamine has many benefits, particularly for the aging dog as it helps to strengthen the body’s cartilage. This strengthening of the cartilage reduces inflammation and slows the deterioration process. It is a natural substance that reduces pain and swelling in affected joints. Dogs naturally produce their own glucosamine, but as their body ages they often lose their ability to produce it. As a result, their joints can stiffen up and lose their protective cartilage. Cartilage is important as it not only absorbs shock, but is naturally flexible. There is little else more important where mobility is concerned. Turkey gizzards are a rich source of vitamins B3 and B12, and the minerals iron, phosphorus and zinc. These vitamins and minerals play an important role in the cell-metabolism of your canine. Turkey gizzards are extremely high in protein and like most organs, are nutrient rich. Gizzards also contain cartilage. Cartilage is extremely beneficial for your dog to consume, especially older dogs, as it is good for their bone health. The turkey gizzard is non-gmo, antibiotic and cage free.